An explanation of the terms used in this online bookshop.
A Book Description
is the language we rely on to convey to you, the buyer, an accurate picture of
the book we have for sale. We take our book descriptions seriously as our
online bookshop sales are completely dependant on customers buying what they
expected from our catalogue. To this end, we offer the following explanations
for your perusal:
Each book description begins with the same basic information:
1. Our database reference number
2. Author's surname
3. Author's first names or initials
4. Book Title
Some of our catalogues also include the following (but some are too long and would slow your browser loading speed. These have been kept short for quicker access).
5. Place of Publication
7. Date of Publication. ("n/d" if date not known)
9. Approximate dimensions of the book in whole centimetres
10. Type of cover or binding
11. Overall condition of the book and the dust wrapper (if any), eg. "Fine / Very good"
Next follows a more detailed description of the
, spine title,
), number of pages, illustrations or plates,
. There may also be a list of defects, such as ballpoint text or library and
book dealers stamps, or any other obvious damage and details of any repairs or
restoration completed. Sometimes the comparative
of the book is mentioned. Lastly, there is often a short description of the
contents of the book, often extracted from the inside front dust wrapper.
Each listing ends with the price of the book.
Glossary of terms used
Book Condition - terms used
A book in poor condition. It may be soiled, scuffed, stained or
spotted, have loose joints, hinges, pages, but must have a complete, legible
describes a book that is sufficiently worn that its only merit is as a reading
copy or for repair or restoration. Any missing maps or plates are still noted.
This copy may be soiled, scuffed, stained, or spotted and may have loose
hinges, pages, etc.
a worn book that has complete text pages (including maps or plates) but may
lack endpapers, half-title, etc. (which are noted). Binding, jacket (if any)
etc. may also be worn. All defects are noted.
describes the average used and worn book that has all pages of leaves present.
Any defect is noted.
better than average condition.
VERY GOOD MINUS:
possibly an ex-library copy, with a stamp or card pocket still attached. May
have small imperfections caused by normal use or wear.
describes a used book that does show some small signs of wear, but no tears, on
either binding or paper. Any defects are noted.
VERY GOOD PLUS:
high-quality book with perhaps just one or two extremely minor defects which
detract from the overall appearance. Usually implies no faults in the binding.
contains only the slightest of defects (perhaps a slight crease in a wrap or
nick in covers) in an otherwise pristine book.
approaches the condition of AS NEW, but without being crisp. For the use of
the term FINE there must not be any defects, etc., and if the jacket has a
small tear or other defect, or looks worn, this will be noted.
AS NEW:, mint
is used only when the book is in the same immaculate condition in which it was
published. There can be no defects, no missing pages, no library stamps, etc.,
and the dust wrapper (if it was issued with one) must be perfect, without any
ALL EDGES GILT (AEG):
Having been cut smooth, the edges of the book have been burnished, usually with
an imitation gold leaf called gilt.
Leather that has been treated with both alum and some other agents to render it
hard-surfaced and extremely durable.
Having an impression of an heraldic device on the cover of a book.
Special repair tape which is acid free and safe for long term use with books.
Also includes safe heat-set repair tape used to close small tears.
The covering of a book's spine, usually of cloth or leather, and frequently
lettered with the title of the book and other information, and decorated as
well. The backstrip will often show signs of wear before the rest of the book,
fading, fraying, becoming chipped or discoloured. Often
is used to include the backstrip and spine together.
A label printed with the title of the book, sometimes also the name of the
author, which is affixed to the backstrip. The label may be leather or paper.
In either case, this type of label, which adds to the cost of manufacturing the
book, is rarely used on modern books except as a special finishing touch on
fine and limited editions.
Covers of a book which have been angle-cut to create a sloped edge.
The paper content of the book. All the pages gathered together. See
The hard covers of a book. Now usually cardboard covered with cloth or leather.
Originally oak boards were used.
Label signifying ownership of a book, usually pasted to the inside front cover.
A clean book where the paper usually retains its original crispness and glow.
Paper discoloured with age, to be expected, often starting at the outer margins
of the page and working inward. Particularly noticeable in some Australian
books printed during and soon after World War Two. Close to
A coarse and heavy fabric used for binding.
Corners of a book are worn, wrinkled, dented or damaged. Occasionally applied
to head and heel of spine.
With reference to the covers of a book: marred by light gouging or nicked.
Leather is particularly susceptible. With reference to the
: small pieces along the edge missing.
Refers to corners of
. Sometimes prices are clipped off one corner, or all corners are clipped off.
A better jacket is
meaning it is as it was manufactured.
With reference to the spine of a book: permanently pushed forward, back or
In paper, having an uneven or blistered surface, possibly even curling at the
Not only the corners of a book in the usual sense (also known as tips), but the
printing ornaments used to connect horizontal and vertical sections of a border.
A mark of identification - crowning piece, or finishing stroke - found in a
book and furnishing information about the source of the book. In some of the
earliest printed books, in which there might be no title page, the colophon was
placed at the end of the book to perform somewhat the same function as a title
Hinges are cracked when the spine of the book is starting to come apart and the
cover is beginning to hang loose.
An excessive cutting down of the margins at the bindery.
Damage from water.
In paper, the untrimmed feathery type of edge which occurs naturally in
handmade papers, sometimes imitated by a machine.
Any fine scrollwork or lacy patterns which might be tooled into the leather
covers of a book. However, the term is most usually encountered is "inner
dentelle." This is the fold of leather turned in around the edges of the covers
of a book, often decorated in gilt in a geometric design. The inner dentelle,
in a fancy hand binding, may be the source for identifying the binder, who
sometimes inserts his name in tiny letters along the inner dentelle at the
bottom of the inside front cover.
The binding has come apart. Covers are detached and some or all
are loose. Can often be
: A removable paper cover placed by a publisher on a book, usually in
hardcover, to protect the binding. This dust jacket is often used as a medium
for advertising the book to potential buyers. Almost all Dust Jackets in our
.We used the term DUST WRAPPER (D/W) on some earlier listings.
DUST WRAPPER (D/W)
Used in some of our earlier listings. Means a Dust Jacket.
Refers to all the copies of a book printed from the one setting of type. There
may be more than one printing run, or IMPRESSION, of an edition. Where a later
is known it is clearly stated.
The external (paper) surfaces of a book; the edges of the leaves. An edge
which is left uneven is uncut. It may be termed deckled, or feathered. A
smoothly cut (guillotined) edge is sometimes decorated with gilt, or printed in
a marbled pattern. Edges are identified by top, fore and bottom.
The finish in a paper cover over boards which has a raised (as opposed to
indented or blind-stamped) surface.
The sheets of paper added, usually at the bindery, to connect the interior of
the covers of a book to the
of the book. The end paper which is next to the cover is pasted to the inside
cover, whereas the free end paper is that which is only pasted near its hinge.
Most end papers are of sturdy and strong paper, and many are highly decorative.
The process of cutting a surface for the purpose of producing a print. In the
old-book trade, the term engraving generally refers to line engraving, whereas
engraving from a wood block is called wood-engraving. Most fine engravings made
before 1830 are copper line engravings.
From the Latin word for "mistakes". On a book's errata slip, which is often
, may be listed those mistakes which were caught before the book was released,
but too late for corrections to be made in the printed text.
Once part of a library, and often showing the signs of wear common to such
use-- perhaps a blind-stamp on the title page, a label on the spine, or a
pocket affixed to one of the inside covers.
Decorative bands attached to the spine of a book, primarily for the visual
effect. Such bands usually have the effect of making a book look more rugged
than it actually is. False bands are sometimes also used to impart an antique
look to a modern binding. See
A discolouration of the paper in a book, consisting of light brown spots
believed to be caused by iron deposits or fungus. Does not necessarily diminish
the value of the book as it occurs in a wide range of papers and may be present
in ALL copies of a particular work. Quite common on pages next to
Unravelled at the edges, mainly on a cloth binding.
An illustration which faces the title page of a book. It is sometimes the only
illustration in a book and frequently the most important one. Many times, this
illustration is a portrait of the author.
Made golden in colour, particularly with regard to the edges of books or
decorative bindings and spine titles. Gold leaf, or more commonly, imitation
gold, usually applied by the application of heat and pressure.
Polished, lustrous, smooth and slick. Often used for art books.
The blank space between the printed text and the binding of a book. In other
words, the inner margin of the page.
The first printed page of a book after the front end papers. Also, any one of
the front pages on which there is printed an abbreviated version of the title
which appears in full on the title page.
The interior junction of the spine and the sides of a book. Can also describe
the stub (in a bound book) which permits the free movement of a bound-in map,
illustration, or other insert made into the binding of a book.
A print run without altering the type setting. Thus you can have a FIRST
EDITION, third impression, meaning the third time the book has been printed
using the original type setting. If the type setting is changed, the next print
run becomes a SECOND EDITION, and so on.
Signed by the author with a personal message.
Cloth binding where insect paths are visible on covers. Sometimes holes in
cloth, sometimes raised patches.
Any picture, portrait or non-text item included in a book.
The exterior junction of the spine and the sides of a book.
Small strips of paper or leather affixed to the covers of a book, usually with
the title printed on them.
Inserted into a book, but not attached to the book in any way.
The bibliographer's term for what is commonly considered a single "page" in a
book. A leaf consists of two pages numbers odd on the recto, even on the
verso. The leaf's recto is its top when the book is lying open; the underside
is the verso. Leaf is abbreviated l, and leaves ll.
A type of
for books that will receive hard wear in circulation.
A book whose publication is restricted in number. Limited
editions are typically signed and numbered by the author and have a colophon
indicating the total number of books
printed. Limited editions whose print runs are short (1,000 or less) are
considered more desirable
and lower numbered volumes of a limited run are generally more desirable than
A leather binding which is not based on boards. See also
When the hinges become loose. A loose book will wobble in the hand as it is
moved gently forward and back.
Cut edges of a book that have been decorated with a marbled pattern in colours,
often to match boards and/or endpapers.
Spotted or speckled because of excessive dampness or mildew.
When a page of a book bears the print of the page opposite, common with
illustrated books without tissue guards.
The outer endpaper at the front and rear that is pasted to the interior of the
The pages of the book are usually single sheet and held in place with a
hot-melt glue. Most softcover novels are perfect bound. Not as durable as
traditional binding but much cheaper to produce.
The cover of a hard-bound book with a decorative scene.
In a book, a plate is often a full-page illustration, such as a frontispiece
portrait, but it need not be full-page.
A picture of a person, often used as a frontispiece in a book. Abbreviated
Refers to removable archivally safe Polypropyline cover added to protect
from damage. Almost all First Edition dust wrappers in our catalogue are
A binding where only the spine and the corners are covered in a special
covering (often leather or buckram). The remainder is usually covered in cloth.
Quarter Binding from our Bindery.
Horizontal bands across the back (spine) of a book. Such bands were once the
result of the method of binding using cords; today they are sometimes added for
A book which an active dealer might expect to see only once in a lifetime.
Harder to find than "scarce."
The book's spine has been newly recovered.
A new binding has been completed, often incorporating as much of the old
material as possible. A book is often referred to as REPAIRED or RESTORED,
depending on which re-binding method the binder took.
With book laid open, the right-hand page.
Damage and defects have been made good, often using new materials. Library
books are commonly repaired to keep them in circulation.
Damage and defects are made good using, as near as possible, like material as
the original and pieces from the original. Antiquarian books are sometimes
restored to slow any further deterioration. They are then commonly placed in
Damaged by friction, usually refers to a book's covers.
A book that might take some time to find, but not as limited as "rare."
Damaged by friction,
A book that is loose within its covers and moves fairly freely when moved back
and forth within the hands.
Several sheets of paper folded together to make a section of a book.
Believed to be the Author's signature, but with no accompanying
A box open at one end and usually covered with paper, leather, or cloth,
possibly linen, into which a book may be neatly slipped, leaving the SPINE
Flexible book covers made from paper, light cardboard, unbacked leatherette or
plastisized material. Most novels are released in softcover and are
Sometimes called the backbone of a book. That part which performs the function
of connecting front and back covers and gives some rigidity to a book. Used
here to include the
A book and cover that are starting to part company.
A book that is separated from its binding, follows "starting," "cracking," and
a) Decorative impression on leather bindings,
b) Ink or blind impressions on pages or edges of an ex-library book.
The binding book is weakened.
The main content of a book, usually beginning with Chapter One. The text does
not include the preface, if there is one, or the foreword, introduction, table
of contents, or the index.
The paper content of the book - all the pages gathered together - the part that
is sewn or glued together to make up the
of the book.
Book hinges are holding firm.
Attached lightly to a page of the book. Pasted lightly along one edge.
TITLE PAGE (TP):
The title page is "the face of the book." It usually provides the essential
details of the book's production, including author, complete title and
subtitles and the date, place and agent of publication.
Designs and lettering on a leather binding.
Never been bound. See also
Refers to Dust Wrappers. This is as the d/w was manufactured and is its best
state. See also
With book laid open, the left-hand page.
The covers of a book, made from heavy stiff paper rather than from boards.
Such wrappers are often employed to cover small books or pamphlets. A dust
jacket is not a wrap since it is not a permanent part of the book. (A
is also a different item)
Discolouration of paper, usually due to excessive ultra violet light or poor
paper quality, or both. Similar to
Adapted and hyperlinked (with many additional definitions) from several on-line
Glossaries freely available on the internet. Download a printable copy of the above glossary (in PDF format) here.